Individual - Needing Home Care New York
There's a large population of people in their 60's, 70's and 80's who fit a common profile. They've saved up several hundred thousand dollars over the course of a 40-year working career. They purchased a home 30 years ago and have substantial equity in it. Their spouses have died and now they live alone. Their financial situation affects their Medicaid eligibility.
What if there was a way to get Medicaid to pay for home care, and you still retained the benefit of all your money and assets?
Many times children begin to feel very concerned as they notice a parent becoming more forgetful. Maybe an illness gets worse, or Mom or Dad now stumbles and falls. If you or a loved one fit this scenario, home care is an option that can provide help and safety for an elderly or infirm person, who needs assistance with routine activities of daily living.
There are some challenges in getting Medicaid to pay for it, but Lamson & Cutner's Elder Law attorneys have solutions to satisfy these Medicaid requirements. Here's a discussion of the challenges first.
The problem for the single person who needs home care.
Currently, the cost for eight to twelve hours of daily care is approximately $8,400 to $12,600 a month. If 24-hour a day care is eventually needed, that expense could increase to well over $15,000 monthly. To qualify for Medicaid coverage, a single person must have total assets valued at no more than $16,800 (2022 figure). There are no income limitations for Home Care Medicaid, but unless you have a Pooled Income Trust, you are required to contribute any income you receive over $954 per month (again, the 2022 level) toward the cost of your care.
While in most cases your home is technically exempt from the $16,800 Medicaid eligibility limitation while you are living in it, that is no longer the case once you pass away or move out permanently. At that point, Medicaid may be entitled to place a lien against the property. When the property is sold, Medicaid will have the right to execute its lien and get reimbursed for the cost of the Medicaid benefits it provided. At today's rates of thousands per month for the cost of care, the equity in most homes would be exhausted after just a few years.
For example, let's say your home is worth $500,000. It was purchased 35 years ago for $35,000, and the mortgage has been paid off. If you were receiving 24-hour care valued at $15,000 a month, the equity in the home will be completely consumed in less than four years.
Often, the person who needs home care has too much in savings and other assets to meet Medicaid qualifications. If you have to pay for your own care, that means your life savings and net worth will ultimately be depleted by the cost, forcing you into poverty. Nothing will be left to pay for many basic necessities or any luxuries, and there won't be anything to leave to your heirs.
Compounding the difficulty is the fact that children are often not in a financial position to help in any significant way. But even if they are, what parent wants to burden their children and drain their assets to pay for their care? The children are trying to save for their own families and their own retirement needs.
Fortunately, a Lamson & Cutner Medicaid lawyer can assist you in handling the situation advantageously.
The single person's home care solution.
Lamson & Cutner's answer to the dilemma is a simple three-step plan. It can be implemented quickly, and provide Medicaid eligibility for home care within just a couple of months. Here's how it works:
Step 1: If you own your home, transfer it to a protective trust, sometimes known as an Asset Protection Trust or a Medicaid Asset Protection Trust. Under New York law, a trust is a legal entity that is in effect considered to be a separate "person." Consequently, you no longer legally own any property placed in a trust. Generally, a child or other trusted person is named as trustee, and has specific requirements to follow for managing the assets in the trust. Here's how it will help you.
With this procedure, Medicaid can't place a lien against your property. It's also shielded against claims from other future creditors. That's important because if you simply transferred the property to your kids outside of a trust, it could have legal exposure. For example, a child can be the target of a lawsuit. He or she might get into an accident, suffer a business failure, or get divorced. Having the trust avoids these difficulties.
You get to live in the home for the rest of your life, and nobody can force you to move. After you pass on, it will be transferred to your children or anyone else you name, and they will be eligible for significant tax benefits.
These are just a few of the advantages. To learn more about how trusts can work for you, download Lamson & Cutner, P.C.'s new Special Report, 25 Strategies to Prevent Financial Ruin from Long-Term Health Care Costs. It's free.
Step 2: Transfer liquid assets such as bank accounts, CD's, and securities to children or to a trust. This enables you to qualify for coverage under the Medicaid eligibility ceiling of 2022, of no more than $16,800 in assets. These assets are protected by the trust in the same manner your home is, if you own one.
Step 3: Transfer excess income to a "pooled income" trust, which will be used to cover your bills. By placing excess income in a pooled income trust, you will have no more than $954 a month in income, which is the Medicaid eligibility limit for a single person in New York. These trusts are administered by certain charities, and play a key role in protecting your income when you receive Medicaid benefits. Here's how they work.
Every month excess income over $954 is transferred to the pooled income trust. You simply write a check for the amount of the excess income, and send it to the trust. You can then submit bills to be paid by the trust. So, for example, if you have Social Security income of $1,954 a month, then you keep $954 in your own bank account and spend it as you please, and you send $1,000 to the trust every month. The trust then pays your bills with this money.
The pooled income trust functions almost like a bill paying service. Through the trust, excess income can be used to pay for food, clothing, monthly rent or mortgage, telephone, electricity, taxes, home repairs - all living expenses except medical premiums and medical bills. The trust charges a small monthly processing fee for the service.
It's called a pooled income trust because the assets of all participants are "pooled" together for investment and management purposes, however you have your own segregated account, established solely for your use. When you pass on, whatever is left over in your trust account is used to help the charity to continue providing benefits to those it serves.
What this strategy accomplishes is to preserve your "excess" income. It enables you to pay your living expenses and maintain your lifestyle while you are recieving Medicaid coverage of home care. Certainly, few people today could live on $954 a month in New York.
The Medicaid benefits and other advantages you gain.
Medicaid will pay for your care, and in most cases you'll hang on to all of your income and assets. Medicaid will also supplement any gaps in your Medicare or other medical insurance. That means you won't have large out-of-pocket expenses for medical care. There's also a wide range of community programs to take advantage of, will be inherited by to your children and family members. The more you preserve now, the greater amount there'll be to pay for your own necessities and luxuries, and eventually to leave to your heirs.
When you pass on, what you worked for your entire life can be given to your children and family members, instead of being used to reimburse a government agency. The more you preserve now, the greater amount there'll be to pay for your own necessities and luxuries, and eventually to leave to your heirs.
Here's an example of a situation Lamson & Cutner's Medicaid lawyers handled for an elderly single woman:
The client suffers from a terminal illness, is incontinent and requires assistance with all activities of daily living. At the time she retained L & C, she had already employed a home care attendant she was comfortable with, and was paying for out of her own funds. L & C attorneys prepared a Medicaid application for home care, which was approved, and in addition were able to "vendorize" her attendant. That means that through contacts at the home care agency, L & C arranged for her attendant to become certified and accepted as an employee of the agency, with the cost of her salary fully paid by Medicaid. The happy end result was that the client retained the aide she wanted, and got the home care help she needed, completely covered by Medicaid.
Here is another case in which Lamson & Cutner helped an elderly woman with a significant assets and a substantial monthly income:
A widow in her 70's suffered from Alzheimer's disease and other health problems. L & Cas asset protection attorneys assisted her in successfully applying for Medicaid, while retaining access to her financial resources. Her assets were placed in a protective trust, and excess income from a number of pensions w transferred to a pooled income trust. Her Medicaid application for home care was approved, enabling her to retain the dignity of receiving care in the comfort and security of her own surroundings.